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About the Dilemma Training Program


Organizational cultures, whether governmental, corporate, professional or educational, are prone to confronting their employees, at all levels, with ethical quandaries and moral dilemmas.

Philosophical practitioners apply pro-active methods to addressing moral issues in organizations, in real time.

Background on Dilemma Training

One such method was developed by Professor Henk van Luijk at Nijenrode University (the “Harvard Business School” of Holland), as part of a more extensive program involving integrity issues in organizations, in cooperation with the European Institute for Business Ethics.

Henk van Liujk and his group of trained philosophical consultants have applied this method very successfully in numerous private companies, professional associations and government organizations in the Netherlands.

Subsequently, well-known Dutch practitioner and APPA Faculty member Ida Jongsma has applied this method with success across a similar spectrum of client organizations in Holland and throughout Europe. Ida has trained a number of APPA-Certified consultants in this method.

Lou Marinoff learned the Dutch method from Ida, and has adapted it successfully to a similar variety of client organizations world-wide, from the US to Europe, from Latin America to South East Asia.

The Dilemma Training Program

The Program consists of two full days (9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.), during which both the method and guidelines for applying it will be presented to and discussed with the participants.

Day One covers the original seven-step method developed and applied by Prof. van Liujk. Day Two covers a variation on the method developed and applied by Prof. Marinoff.

Dates and Location

The program will be held on May 13-14, 2006, at the offices of Carol Gould and Gary Seelinger, 218 Commercial Blvd., Lauderdale By The Sea, FL 33308. The nearest airport is Fort Lauderdale. There are hotels within walking distance of the venue.


The program is open to APPA-Certified Members and Adjunct Members. Affiliate Members seeking Certified Affiliate status may be admitted following a review of their qualifications, and space permitting.


Enrollment is restricted to eligible APPA Members. For information on joining the APPA, please visit APPA Members wishing to enroll should visit Enrollment will be limited to 10 people.


The program fee is $750.00 ($USD). A deposit of $250.00 secures a place. The Balance is payable at the program. All necessary materials will be provided at no further cost.


Participants who complete the program will become APPA-Certified Members (or cross-Certified Members, or Certified Affiliates, as the case may be). Certified Members are listed in the APPA on-line directory, among other privileges accorded.

Contact APPA

General Inquiries
Communications Manager
Program Coordinator


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